Antique Olviia, located in the Mykolaiv region, is an integral part of the cultural heritage of Ukraine. It was one of the four largest ancient states in the Northern Black Sea region. In ancient Greek, "Olviia" means "Happy". This is the official name of the town which is used in certified decrees, on coins and in literary sources. Olviia was founded by Greek settlers on the right bank of the Hipanis (now Buh estuary) in the 2nd quarter of the 6th century BC and existed for almost a thousand years until the late 4th century AD. In its heyday, the territory of the town occupied 50 – 55 hectares, and its necropolis was 500 hectares. On the banks of the Buh, Dnipro and Berezan estuaries, there were 150 rural settlements, which formed the agricultural district Chora of Olviia.
The island of Dzharylhach, which in the Turkic means "burnt trees", is located in Karkinitskii Bay in the Black Sea. Covering an area of 56 sq. km, it is the largest island in Ukraine and the Black Sea. The climate on the island is continental, typical for the Ukrainian steppe; however, its softened by the sea, which makes it ideal for recreation. An interesting attraction on the island is Dzharylhach lighthouse, designed by Gustave Eiffel, the man who the Eiffel Tower is named after. Dzharylhach is rich in estuary lakes, with about 200 of them. It is known for its cleansing mud and salt lakes, the water in which has a high content of iodine and bromine. Even the air here is saturated with compounds of these elements.
“Askania-Nova” (Ukrainian Research Institute of the livestock of steppe areas) is a research institution in the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine and a state reserve, founded in 1874 by Fridrikh Falts-Fein. The reserve covers 33 thousand hectares, a third of which is an absolutely protected steppe zone, a territory that has never been touched. The local ecosystem has been untouchable for millions of years. This is the only such area of the steppe, not only in Ukraine, but also in the whole of Europe, since excavated steppes are never restored. This spectacular oasis was created by the Baron Fridrikh Falts-Fein, the ancestor of the German colonists who mastered the southern Ukrainian steppes and owned the land on which Askania-Nova is located. At the end of the 19th century, while still very young, Falts-Fein began to create the first aviaries for birds and animals.
Green Farms of Tavriia
The only complex in Eastern Europe, located in the wildlife of the Tavriia forest-steppe zone, this is a historical and cultural microcosm of Ukraine. The area of the farms is more than a hundred hectares. Here you can learn all about Ukrainian folk crafts, visit a workshop or buy handmade items.